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建立中年婦女運動習慣:行動計畫的中介效果及預期遺憾的調節效果

黃耀宗 (Yao-Chung Huang) 季力康 (Li-Kang Chi)李靜芳 (Ching-Fang Lee)林珍如 (Chen-Ju Lin)

 臺灣運動心理學報 民 110,21 卷,1 期,P1 - 28


摘要

目的:本研究探討行動計畫在中年女性運動意圖與習慣間的中介效果,同時檢驗預期遺憾對此中介機制的調節效果。方法:採用問卷調查法,蒐集臺灣北部地區122位中年女性(平均年齡49.24±4.66歲)的資料,研究工具包括:運動意圖、行動計畫、運動習慣、預期遺憾等自陳問卷。所得資料以階層迴歸分析中介與調節效果,及Hayes(2018)的SPSS PROCESS巨集版本進行分析調節式中介效果。結果:一、運動意圖與行動計畫均對運動習慣有顯著的正向影響效果;二、運動意圖與預期遺憾皆對行動計畫有顯著的正向影響效果;三、行動計畫部分中介運動意圖與習慣的關係;四、只有當參與者有中、低預期遺憾時,行動計畫對運動意圖與習慣之間的關係才有中介的效果。結論:本研究結果凸顯了意圖和習慣之間關係的複雜性,並證明行動計畫和預期遺憾在其間所扮演的重要角色。


Abstract

Purposes: This study explored the mediated effects of action planning on the relation between middle-aged women's exercise intention and habit, as well as examined the moderated effects of anticipated regret on the mediated mechanism of action planning on the relation between exercise intention and habit. Method: A survey was used to gather responses from a sample of 122 middle-aged women aged 23.58 (± 4.46) years in North Taiwan. Participants were asked to complete a series of inventories, including measures of exercise intention, action planning, anticipated regret, and habit scales. The data were analyzed by hierarchical regression to assess mediation and moderation effects and Hayes (2018) SPSS PROCESS macro model 59 to assess moderated mediation effects. Results: This study indicated that exercise intention and action planning positively affected exercise habits, and exercise intention and anticipated regret positively affected action planning. Additionally, action planning partially mediated the contribution of intention on exercise habits. The indirect effect of action planning was conditional on the level of anticipated regret, action planning acted as a mediator of the intention-habits relationship only for individuals with low or moderate level of anticipated regret. Conclusion: The results highlight the complexity of the relationship between intention and habits and provide evidence for the important role of action planning and anticipated regret.


關鍵詞

執行意圖身體活動調節式中介implementation intentionphysical activitymoderated mediation

 

運用雙手輔助擊球策略導入網球單手正拍擊球技能學習:以基模理論為基礎之應用

楊正群 (Cheng-Chun Yang)簡桂彬 (Kuei-Pin Chien)

 臺灣運動心理學報 民 110,21 卷,1 期,P29 - 45


摘要

目的:本研究探討運用雙手輔助擊球策略導入對網球單手正拍擊球技能學習的影響。方法:以大學參與網球課程之學生為研究對象,將其分為雙手輔助擊球組108人、單手擊球組112人,共計220人。實驗期間共計18週,每週一次,所有參與者都需完成相同的網球基礎教學課程後,再依雙手輔助擊球組與單手擊球組安排不同教學策略來學習網球正拍擊球技能。以雙手輔助擊球組及單手擊球組為自變項,動作技能結果的準確性分數與動作技能表現的評量分數為依變項,進行混合設計二因子變異數分析。結果:本研究發現雙手輔助擊球策略導入對技能有較佳的學習成效,能夠促進單手正拍擊球的動作技能結果與動作技能表現。結論:在大學網球課程教學安排除了保留單手正拍擊球課程外,亦可考量加入雙手輔助擊球動作的課程,來提高正拍的擊球穩定度並促進較佳的學習效能。


Abstract

Purpose: This study investigated the effect of learning one-handed forehand in tennis by using two-handed forehand as the assisted stroke strategy. Method: The students who participated in tennis courses at the university were divided into two groups: the two-handed forehand group (n = 108) and the one-handed forehand group (n = 112). During 18 weeks of research, all the participants needed to complete the same basic tennis course, then, different teaching strategies were arranged for the two-handed forehand as the assisted group and the one-handed forehand group to learn tennis forehand skills. A two-way mixed design ANOVA analysis was conducted to examine the effects of different teaching strategies on the scores of motor skill results and motor skill performance of one-handed forehand strokes. Results: The results showed that using the two-handed forehand as the assisted stroke strategy had optimum learning efficiency which improved both the motor skill results and motor skill performance. Conclusion: It is suggested that tennis courses in the university should not only keep one-handed forehand lessons, but also consider adding two-handed forehand as assisted stroke strategy into the lessons. This strategy can advance the stability of the tennis stroke and enhance the learning efficiency.


 關鍵詞

教學策略動作技能結果動作技能表現teaching strategiesmotor skill resultsmotor skill performance

 

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